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Shutter Speed and You

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1. Welcome to Shutter Speed: Hi, I’m Deanna, a photographer and an illustrator living on the West Coast. I grew up in the East Coast and I’m coming to you from landlord work studio with an abundance of available light. I’ve been a Skillshare instructor for almost a year. This is my eighth video with Skillshare and I love being a Skillshare instructor. Thank you for coming along on this learning journey with me. This is also the third, oops, third and final video in a trilogy that I am doing about the exposure triangle today. And we’re going to learn about shutter speed, having a good understanding of the exposure triangle, and it gives you great confidence in your photography. It also gives you the ability to be creative with your photography. My other two videos, cover ISO and aperture. Be sure to check them out because after you’ve seen all three, your confidence will soar. I promise your shutter is a small door inside of the camera, in front of the sensor that opens and closes for the time that you have set. The door opens and exposes your camera sensor, and a photo is made. Once that light hits the sensor, the door shuts. Bada bing, bada, boom, you’ve got a picture. So basically your shutter is the gatekeeper. When it opens, light hits the sensor. A pitcher has made, it closes and that pitcher gets saved. It’s kinda cool. The lightest passing in through your aperture. And remember your sensor is what’s controlled by your ISO. So all three of those components working together will enable you to take control over your camera, work in manual mode, feel more confident and get more creative. All you need for this class is a camera that you can adjust your settings. Great. If you had a camera that you can work in manual mode, in one that you can control your aperture, your ISO, and your shutter speed. If you have a phone that has these capabilities, you’re more than welcome to use that to. The only thing you need is a way to take photos. I’d say that this course is for a beginner who’s really looking to lay a good foundation of knowledge to get more confidence and become more creative with their photography. This is the third video that makes up the exposure triangle. Each side of the triangle works together to make a balanced exposure. And that’s what appears in the middle. It’s kind of like magic. Go and learn about shutter speed. First up is our project video. So come on along and learn about the project for this class. I’m really glad you’re here to learn with me, and I’m glad you’re here for video number three of the exposure triangle. Let’s go.2. Shutter Speed Project: Hi, and welcome to the project for shutter speed. So let’s say you have a shutter speed of 1, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 of a second. What that means is if you take a picture of something, it’s going to freeze whatever that object is. So a really fast shutter speed, It’s a really big number, 100, right? It’s also going to let in less light to the sensor. And that means you will have to take that photo in a brighter situation or increase your ISO number, ISO, our old friend. When you increase your ISO, you’re making your sensor more sensitive to light. And that comes in really handy when you’re working with a faster shutter speeds. If you have a shutter speed that is long, and it’s going to show motion meaning and capture something that’s a little bit blurry. And what I mean by a longer shutter speed is your shutters going to stay open for longer? It’s going to let more light into the camera. And it’s really helpful in low light situation if you use a tripod, the blur will be minimized. Hand-holding is going to introduce what we call camera shape. Right now I’m using a tripod to record these videos, these training videos for you. If we use a really long shutter speed where I shutter is open for a long period of time. Camera shake is going to shake everything. And the viewer is going to be really confused and Jarred on and look at that photo because they’re not going to be really sure what the subject is. So if you stabilize your camera and slow your shutter down, then the viewer looking at the photo later, we’ll be able to concentrate. The project for this class is to use your shutter speed to capture motion. You can freeze a fast-moving object or you can show blur. The choice is yours and the object is to have fun. I would love for you to share your results in the class projects section, I have shared my results there. I’ve done this project routed along with you. And I had a lot of fun too. Here are the steps you’re going to need to create your project. Remember that ISO, aperture and shutter speed are married together and the exposure triangle all combined. They are how your camera sees, like you freeze motion with your camera by using a higher shutter speed and a higher ISO. If you use a really fast shutter speed, your shutter is opening and closing super-fast. Not a lot of light gets in to the sensor. So you need to make your sensor more sensitive to light by increasing your ISO. You can use an ISO 1600, 3200 or 6400. Try the model and see what works. This is your project and you can do it any way you choose. The key is to let in more light and use a really fast shutter speed like 1 over 1. Shutter speeds are expressed in fractions because they are measured in fractions of seconds. Now let’s talk about aperture. You can use an aperture of f 4.5 or f 5.6. Those are really good opportunities to work with for freezing motion or showing the blur. If you want to try another. By all means, go ahead and try. You will need to take several exposures to capture that motion. If you’ve ever gone to a sporting event and sat anywhere near where the photographers are, you will hear their shutters going crazy. And I can promise you that they’re using them very high shutter speed and professionals call that prey and spray. If you want to capture blur, you’re going to slow your shutter speed down. So you’re going to use a longer shutter speed, faster one. So try and ISO 400 or 800, try those same apertures I mentioned before, 4.5 or 5.6. And let’s try a much slower shutter speed. Remember, shutter speeds are expressed in fractions. So try one of 150th of a second, 1 over 1, 5. The longer your shutter is open, the more blur your camera will capture. So you can try a second if you want, leave it open for as long as you like. You might have to do this several times to capture the blur that you’re looking for. Remember, when we were capturing motion, we had to take several exposures. And you may have to take several when you’re capturing your blur. The key is to have fun and to be creative. You’re going to want to use a tripod or a stable surface to avoid camera shake. When we’re capturing blur, we want to concentrate on the subject. We don’t want our frame to be a little bit jiggly. And when we’re leaving our shutter open for a longer time, it’s best to provide some stability for our camera if you don’t have a tripod, no worries. I’m sure you can DIY some way to make your camera nice and stable so that you can capture your ruler. So get out there and many exposures. And it’s going to be easier for you to work with subjects that are static. Subjects that won’t talk back to you or complain about how much time you’re taking. Remember to be patient, have fun, and be creative, and please share your results in the class project section line are there for you to see, to remember, one setting adjustment affects the other settings because they are all merit together. Remember the triangle while you’re practicing. Notice how your exposure is working. How is it affecting your images? It’s really helpful. Carry a notepad with you and record your settings. Or you can look at your settings later when you upload your images to your computer. They’re recorded in the cameras metadata. The metadata records the exposure you are using, so you’d be able to see your aperture, your ISO, and your shutter speed. If you lose track, It’s in there for you. But I like to carry a pen and pencil with me when I’m shooting and I’m experimenting and trying to be creative, I can’t wait to see what you’re going to create.3. What is Shutter Speed?: Hi, welcome to Lesson 1. What is shutter speed? And a small door inside of your camera behind your lens opens and closes to expose your sensor to light and make a photo. And that door opens and closes according to whatever time you have set on your shutter speed dial. So your shutter opens to let light in. As soon as that light hits. You’ve made a photo. Cool. That’s basically what shutter speed is. The small door that opens and closes for the time that you have set on your camera, you’ll see a bunch of different values for shutter speed. It’s important to remember that shutter speed is measured in seconds, and it’s written as a fraction, usually one over whatever. It ranges from one thousandth of a second, all the way up to 30 seconds. No fraction, just done. Faster shutter speeds, freeze motion. Slower shutter speeds show blue. Let’s look at a waterfall as our sun. I’ve got shutter speed, freezes the water. As it falls. A slow shutter speed captures the color of the water and makes it look like. So. Cool. Understanding shutter speed will increase your confidence with your photography and also enable you to get a lot more creative, ready to learn more. Let’s head on over to Lesson 2, where we’re going to learn the benefits of choosing different shutter speeds. Now that we know what shutter speed is, let’s learn about using different ones. Let’s go.4. Benefits of using different Shutter Speeds: Welcome to Lesson 2, the benefits of using different shutter speeds, or why did we choose the shutter speed? We did. Let’s explore the waterfall photos a bit more. We used a faster shutter speed to freeze the motion of the waterfall. One, one thousandth of a second. It’s a tough thing to say, but 1 over 1, 0, 0, 0, 0 is what we chose. And we used a slower shutter speed to record the water and motion and make it look like silk. What your shutter does when it opens is it’s seeing the motion of the water. And depending on how long your shutter stays open, it’s recording movement of the water. It’s freezing that movement or it’s showing the blur of that movement. Does that make sense? How fast or how slow the shutter opens captures the movement in different ways. You’re going to choose the look and feel and the key to a successful motion capture for using your shutter speed to capture motion is using the correct ISO. When you’re using a faster shutter speed, you need to make our sensor more sensitive to light. So you need to use a higher ISO, 1600, 3200 for even try 6400, when you’re choosing a slower shutter speed, you can choose a lower ISO, for example, and you can try ISO 400 or ISO 800. For either situation, you can use aperture at 4.5 or 5.6, or whatever aperture you choose if you want to try and F8, try FA. Just remember that when you’re making an adjustment on one, you’re affecting the other two. Because remember in the exposure triangle, ISO, aperture and shutter speed are all married together. Let’s head on over to Lesson 3, where we will learn how to decide what shutter speed we will use. Let’s go. I’ll see you there.5. How to choose your shutter speed: Hello and welcome to Lesson 3. How to choose your shutter speed. How do you know what shutter speed to you? Shutter speed is one of the most important settings to know as a photographer, shutter speed is the length of time light gets exposed to the sensor that’s inside of your camera. It’s the little door that pops up and exposes light to your sensor so that you can create an image. The biggest most obvious thing that shutter speed does make your photos brighter or darker. If physically changes the amount of light you capture. Every camera has a range of shutter speeds. For example, your camera might be able to capture one-four thousandth of a second, all the way down to thirty-seconds. Take a look at the shutter speed dial on top of your camera to learn what shutter speeds you have available to you to set your shutter speed, you need to be in manual mode or in shutter priority mode. Shutter priority mode is indicated on your mode dial as it’s asked for a TV. If you want to learn more about your mode Tao and what that can do for you. I did a class on how to create a high-impact portrait, and I teach you about the different camera modes in that class. Shutter speed is not something that you can adjust while you’re an auto mode. In auto mode, the camera is making all of the decisions for you. If you want a brighter photo, you should use a longer shutter speed. It doesn’t have to be all the way to 30 seconds. You can try 1 15th of a second, 130th of a 2.5th second. A good shutter speed to use, just in general, is 1 over 1, a 100, or 1 over 125. That’s a good shutter speed to use on her really bright sun shiny day. Shutter speed is adjusted in third stop increments or Hat stop increments. It’s really important to get really familiar with the shutter speeds that are available on your camera. And you can check those out on your shutter speed dial. If you’re not sure where that is, grab your camera manual or look it up online and see which doll is going to let you know. The key is to remember your shutter will let in twice as much light when your shutter speed is twice as long. So that makes sense. For example, on many cameras you can set a shutter speed of 1.3 second, 1 seconds, or 1.6 seconds, or even two seconds. This is just a small sample of the possible settings. But every time your shutter speed is slowing down, you’re letting in more light. It’s important to remember that key point. The actual numbers for the shutter speed will depend on how frozen or how blurry you want your images to turn out. A little trial and error and a little bit of practice are going to be your key to getting the image that you want. Let’s head on over to lesson 4. While I’ve got some tips and tricks for you to help figure out how to use your shutter speed and how to do that project 2. Let’s go.6. Tips and Tricks for Shutter Speed: Welcome to lesson four, tips and tricks. The first tip or trick I have for you is to fully understand the effect of the shutter speed that you’ve chosen. Remember, the ones that are super fast are going to freeze motion. The ones that are slower are going to show a blur. Are you freezing motion? Is your shutter going to be opening and closing really fast? And you need to remember to use a different ISO. Remember your shutter is going to open really fast and close just as fast. So you want your sensor to be extra sensitive to light. You wanted to grab all the lighting can while it’s being exposed. And in order to do that, we need to make your eyes so higher, so your sensor is more sensitive to light. Try and ISO of 1600, 3200, 6400, are you recording blur? Remember, slow your shutter speed down. And what else do you need to remember? You need to remember to adjust your ISO. You don’t need your sensor to be as sensitive to light. You’re letting a lot of land with Shut up. Because you’re letting a lot of lead in with a slower shutter speed. And you also need to remember to stabilize your camera because you don’t want to camera shake to be added to the blur of the photo because that’s going to confuse the reader. Remember you want to control the blur, so you’re going to keep your camera as steady as possible. You’re going to use a tripod or figure out some way to stabilize your camera with a stable surface. Because you want the viewer to see the blur that you’re going to capture, not the camera shake. And if you’re not sure what camera shake is, leave your shutter open for a long amount of time and try to take some photos and you’ll see it. I promise 0. In lesson number three, I mentioned shutter priority mode. What exactly is shutter priority mode? Shutter priority mode is kind of a handy mode to have if you’re using the same shutter during an event, if you want to use a very specific shutter, shutter priority mode will allow you to keep that shutter while your camera will adjust the aperture to keep letting in the correct amount of light that you need for a balanced exposure mode because it takes over, you can still adjust your ISO. So if you’re going to an event where you’re going to freeze motion and we want to use or really, really fast shutter speed. And you don’t want to have to worry about adjusting your aperture because you’re not quite sure what that would look like. You can use shutter priority mode. It will give you an awesome result. You’re just going to have to remember to adjust your ISO. And remember, faster shutter speed. You need a higher ISO, slower shutter speed, lower ISO. Lesson 4 is full of tips and tricks isn’t a great. Remember how aperture works with your shutter speed. Aperture is what is actually letting the light in against that door, right? Shutter speed is that little door. The aperture is going to let the light in and the lights can go a little, Mr. shutter, you can open now. We can let my kids I’m here for you. I want you to let the lining so that we can make a photo because once it hits the sensor. And here Florida, remember, aperture can also help you keep the subjects more and focus for less than focus. Remember, in our aperture video, I discussed field of focus. Higher aperture numbers have a greater field of progress. Capturing Motion might want to try and aperture of f 8 or 11 to get those really strong details. Starting with an aperture of f, 4.5 or 0.6 in manual mode is a great place to begin. And then work your way up to the effect that you’re looking for from their last but not least, remember to experiment and have fun. Try different settings. Remember that your exposure triangle. As all married together, your ISO works with your aperture and your shutter speed. They’re all there for each other, a handshaking each other, so to speak, and your exposure triangle so they all fit together. So knowing how they do that is going to give you such confidence and creativity in your photography, you’re going to be unstoppable, I promise. So take a look at the other two videos that I made. And if you want to learn a little bit more about how to make a high-impact portrait a better class on that. To check that out, confidence is key for you in your photography, and it’ll also help with your creativity. I wish you luck, and I can’t wait to see what you create.7. Thank You!: Thank you. I really appreciate you coming along on this learning journey with me. Be sure to follow and see what classes I drop every month I make a brand new one. I would love to know what you’d like to see next. We have covered aperture, ISO, and shutter speed. So you, my friend, are good to go and manual mode. So let’s get creative and let’s get competent, and let’s get out there and start shooting. Don’t forget to leave me your feedback and follow me. I create a new course every month. I would love to know what you would like to learn next. So I look forward to your feedback. I’m also looking forward to looking at your projects, so please feel free to leave them for me in the project section. I’ve left you mind. Thank you. I appreciate you coming along on this exposure triangle and journey with me. I appreciate you learning alongside of me. I’m learning right there with you every time I make a few more of these videos. So now you are good to go in manual mode. You’ve covered aperture, you’ve covered ISO, you’ve covered shutter speed. You are a pro at the exposure triangle. So now let’s go, let’s get shooting. Hi.

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Author: Ho Quang Dai

I am Ho Quang Dai, from Vietnam – A country that loves peace. I share completely free courses from major academic websites around the world. Hope to bring free knowledge to everyone who can’t afford to buy


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